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Man-Fung Tsoi 1 Article
Shifting from Pharmacotherapy to Prevention of Hypertension
Bernard Man Yung Cheung, Man-Fung Tsoi
Cardiovasc Prev Pharmacother. 2020;2(2):33-42.   Published online April 30, 2021
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Abstract PDF
Hypertension is a common chronic disease affecting a large section of the general population. As hypertension is usually asymptomatic, awareness, treatment and control rates are low. Drug side-effects also affect compliance. Hypotension and electrolyte abnormalities in the elderly can be severe. Therefore, prevention is better than cure. As blood pressure rises with age, prevention should be started early. As there are many genes affecting blood pressure, genetic tests are not useful. Good antenatal care and care of preterm infants can help to prevent adult cardiovascular diseases including hypertension. Childhood obesity is an important determinant of blood pressure in childhood and adolescence. This is a window of opportunity for prevention. The current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guideline on hypertension defines stage 1 hypertension as a systolic blood pressure of 130–139 mmHg or a diastolic blood pressure of 80–89 mmHg. Although this makes many people in the general population hypertensive, stage 1 hypertension in young adults is already associated with increased cardiovascular and mortality risk. Fortunately, hypertension at this early stage is easy to control and weight loss is easier in young males, who can get exercise from work or exercise after work. Leisure-time physical activity seems more beneficial than occupational physical activity. Cardiovascular risk assessment and promoting a healthy lifestyle in the young are likely to forestall hypertension and future cardiovascular disease. Preventing or reversing hypertension is no longer an impossible dream.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Association Between Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and Risk of Hypertension: A Case–Control Study
    Niloofar Shoaei, Nafiseh Shokri-Mashhadi, Awat feizi, Reza Ghiasvand
    High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention.2022; 29(6): 611.     CrossRef

CPP : Cardiovascular Prevention and Pharmacotherapy