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Woo-Baek Chung 1 Article
Relationship between serum ferritin levels during iron chelating therapy and diastolic left ventricular function in transfusion-induced iron overload: a 2-year follow-up study in patients with aplastic anemia
Woo-Baek Chung
Cardiovasc Prev Pharmacother. 2023;5(3):81-90.   Published online July 26, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.36011/cpp.2023.5.e11
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Abstract PDF
Background
The goal of the study was to investigate changes in cardiac function during iron chelating therapy (ICT) in patients with transfusion-induced iron overload.
Methods
We prospectively examined cardiac function in 21 aplastic anemia patients for 2 years by using transthoracic echocardiography before and during ICT.
Results
The serum ferritin level decreased from 4,961.5±2,917.9 µg/L to 2,466.9±2,533.1 µg/L after 2 years (P<0.001). The left ventricular ejection fraction decreased to under the normal limit (55%) in five patients. The serum ferritin level was positively correlated with the E/E’ ratio (r=0.595, P=0.004) and the left atrial (LA) volume (r=0.685, P=0.001) and negatively correlated with the deceleration time (r=–0.586, P=0.005) after 2 years of ICT. The seven responders (serum ferritin level <1,000 µg/L after 2 years of ICT) demonstrated a significantly higher ejection fraction, smaller LA volume and left ventricular end-systolic dimension, and a slower deceleration time than the 14 nonresponders (≥1,000 µg/L).
Conclusions
These results suggest that the response to ICT, which was estimated by the serum ferritin level, can reflect cardiac function during ICT. In nonresponders, cardiac function monitoring during ICT may be helpful for the early detection of cardiac dysfunction.

CPP : Cardiovascular Prevention and Pharmacotherapy