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CPP : Cardiovascular Prevention and Pharmacotherapy

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Original Articles
Fabry disease screening in young patients with acute ischemic stroke in Korea
Yunjung Choi, Taedong Ok, Kyung-Yul Lee
Cardiovasc Prev Pharmacother. 2023;5(2):54-60.   Published online April 24, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.36011/cpp.2023.5.e5
  • 1,021 View
  • 27 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder that results from a mutation in the α-galactosidase A (GLA) gene. It shows multiple organ involvement, including cerebrovascular disease. Since Fabry disease has a prevalence of approximately 4% in young patients with cryptogenic stroke, screening for this condition is recommended for young stroke patients. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Fabry disease in young acute ischemic stroke patients in Korea, the distribution of GLA gene mutations, and the subtypes of ischemic stroke.
Methods
This study included 211 young patients with acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack. To screen for Fabry disease, α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A) enzyme activity was measured and DNA sequencing analysis of the GLA gene was performed.
Results
None of the patients exhibited low α-Gal A enzyme activity or had a pathogenic GLA mutation, but 18 nonpathogenic GLA gene variants were detected, including c.-10C>T in 16 patients, c.-33C>T in one patient, and c.196G>C in one patient. The mean α-Gal A enzyme activity in 14 male patients with the c.-10C>T variant was 5.17±1.19, which was significantly lower than that of male patients with the normal genotype (7.47±3.48, P<0.05). The distribution of stroke subtypes in patients with GLA gene polymorphisms was not significantly different from that in patients with a normal genotype.
Conclusions
This study demonstrates that Fabry disease is rare in young patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack in Korea, and we suggest that routine screening for Fabry disease may not be necessary for ischemic stroke patients.
Changes in cardiovascular-related health behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic
Eunji Kim, Chan-Hee Jung, Dae Jung Kim, Seung-Hyun Ko, Hae-Young Lee, Kyung-Yul Lee, Dae Ryong Kang, Sung Kee Ryu, Won-Young Lee, Eun-Jung Rhee, Hyeon Chang Kim
Cardiovasc Prev Pharmacother. 2023;5(1):15-23.   Published online January 27, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.36011/cpp.2023.5.e2
  • 1,560 View
  • 43 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background
The COVID-19 pandemic has been the most pressing health challenge in recent years. Meanwhile, prevention for other diseases, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been less prioritized during the pandemic. COVID-19, a novel infectious disease, both had a direct impact on public health and provoked changes in health-related behaviors, including those for CVD prevention. This study sought to examine changes in CVD-related health behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic and related sociodemographic factors.
Methods
We used data from the Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Awareness Survey conducted in Korea in June 2022. A total of 2,000 adults across Korea’s 17 provinces completed a structured questionnaire online or on a mobile device. Self-reported changes in CVD-related health behaviors were investigated. We used unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression models to explore the associations between negative changes and sociodemographic factors.
Results
In smoking, drinking, and healthcare service use, the proportion of those with positive changes surpassed the proportion of respondents who reported negative changes. In contrast, negative changes predominated for diet, exercise, and stress. Most individuals (52.6%) reported a deterioration of psychological distress. These negative changes were significantly associated with age, sex, marital status, and the presence of cardiometabolic disease.
Conclusions
The COVID-19 pandemic has affected CVD-related health behaviors. Based on these changes, CVD prevention should be encouraged with appropriate and prioritized strategies.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Cardiovascular-related health behavior changes: lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic and post-pandemic challenges
    Inha Jung, Won-Young Lee
    Cardiovascular Prevention and Pharmacotherapy.2023; 5(4): 99.     CrossRef
Review Article
Antiplatelet Therapy for Secondary Stroke Prevention in Patients with Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack
Kyung-Yul Lee
Cardiovasc Prev Pharmacother. 2021;3(4):86-94.   Published online October 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.36011/cpp.2021.3.e10
  • 6,050 View
  • 262 Download
Abstract PDF
The risk of stroke recurrence is highest in the acute phase after transient ischemic attack (TIA) or ischemic stroke. Therefore, patients with TIA or ischemic stroke should be treated with antiplatelet medication for stroke prevention. The short-term use of dual antiplatelet therapy between 21 and 90 days may be considered in those with acute minor stroke or TIA and highrisk of recurrence. However, the long-term use of dual antiplatelet therapy is not recommended due to the risk of bleeding. The current stroke guideline does not specify the administration of an antiplatelet for the secondary prevention of ischemic stroke. However, as clinical studies progress, antiplatelet therapy may become a personalized treatment in the future.
Original Article
CYP2C19 Polymorphisms and Smoking Status Affects Responsiveness to the Platelet P2Y12 Receptor Antagonist Clopidogrel
Sang Won Han, Yong-Jae Kim, Woo-Keun Seo, Sungwook Yu, Hyo Suk Nam, Sung Sang Yoon, Seo Hyun Kim, Jong Yun Lee, Jun Hong Lee, Yang-Ha Hwang, Jun Lee, Kyung-A Lee, Kyung-Yul Lee
Cardiovasc Prev Pharmacother. 2019;1(2):63-70.   Published online October 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.36011/cpp.2019.1.e8
  • 24,370 View
  • 13 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background
The “comparison of triflusal and clopidogrel effects in secondary prevention of stroke based on cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) genotyping (MAESTRO)” study was a prospective, multicenter, randomized, open-label, and blind genotype trial. We performed a subgroup analysis of the MAESTRO study to explore the relationship between VerifyNow P2Y12 assay with regard to CYP2C19 polymorphisms and smoking status in patients with non-cardiogenic ischemic stroke who underwent clopidogrel treatment.
Methods
For the study, patients treated with clopidogrel and who underwent VerifyNow P2Y12 assay was selected from the MAESTRO study.
Results
Of the 393 patients in 18 hospitals, 256 (65%) patients in 12 hospitals were entered for this subgroup analysis. P2Y12 reaction unit (PRU) was significantly lower and percent inhibition (% INH) was higher in the current smoking group than in the nonsmoking group (p<0.001). The same results were also observed in the good genotype group when compared with the poor genotype group (p<0.001). Among the groups, significant lower PRU and higher % INH was demonstrated in current smoking with good genotype group. However, there was no difference in PRU and % INH between current smoking with poor genotype group and nonsmoking with good genotype group, suggesting that clopidogrel activity was concurrently related to CYP2C19 polymorphisms and smoking status.
Conclusions
Regarding secondary stroke prevention, patients who were current smokers and had a poor genotype for clopidogrel metabolism may benefit from clopidogrel treatment similar to that in patients who were nonsmokers and had a good genotype.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Investigation of smoking on the antiplatelet response to clopidogrel: Unravelling the Smoker’s Paradox.
    Frank A Plakogiannis, Jakob Weidmann, Blake Fraser, Justin Kwong, Diana Asi, Pratham Kumar, Madeleine Baldock, Jasmine Naamo, Ruhani Baluja, Rachelle Catanzariti, Stewart Yeung, Lisa Pont, Kylie Williams, Gabriele De Rubis, Kamal Dua, Nadeem Irfan Bukhari
    Pathology - Research and Practice.2024; : 155290.     CrossRef

CPP : Cardiovascular Prevention and Pharmacotherapy