Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

CPP : Cardiovascular Prevention and Pharmacotherapy

Sumissioin : submit your manuscript
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse articles > Author index
Search
Wonjik Lee 1 Article
CHA2DS2-VASc Score Is Correlated with Cardiac Performance in Chronic Atrial Fibrillation
Doo Soo Jeon, Mi-Jeong Kim, Wonjik Lee, Dongjae Lee, Ik Jun Choi
Cardiovasc Prev Pharmacother. 2020;2(2):56-62.   Published online April 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.36011/cpp.2020.2.e9
  • 981 View
  • 7 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
The CHA2DS2-VASc score is a popular tool for risk prediction of thromboembolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Each component of the CHA2DS2-VASc scheme is an established risk factor for left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and heart failure (HF). In AF patients, HF is often adversely affecting to clinical outcomes including thromboembolism. We hypothesized that the CHA2DS2-VASc score reflects cardiac reserve and the risk of HF as well as the risk of stroke in patients with AF.
Methods
A total of 103 patients who had the diagnosis of chronic non-valvular AF patients with preserved ejection fraction (EF) were enrolled consecutively. CHA2DS2-VASc score was compared to exercise capacity (peak oxygen uptake, peak VO2), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and echocardiographic diastolic dysfunction index (early mitral to annular velocity, E/E′) ratio.
Results
Exercise capacity was correlated with age (β=−0.568, p<0.001), CHA2DS2-VASc score (β=−0.526, p<0.001), BNP (β=−0.449, p<0.001) and diastolic dysfunction (β=−0.534, p<0.001). Patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥2 had a significantly less exercise capacity than those with CHA2DS2-VASc score <2 (p<0.001). Higher CHA2DS2-VASc score was associated with lower exercise capacity, more diastolic dysfunction and higher BNP (for trend p=0.001).
Conclusions
High CHA2DS2-VASc score is associated with poor exercise capacity in patients with AF. Diastolic dysfunction is thought to be the major mechanism of exercise limitation. CHA2DS2-VASc score might be useful for predicting overall cardiac reserve as well as stroke risk stratification in AF patients.

CPP : Cardiovascular Prevention and Pharmacotherapy